how do vinyl records work

How does a DVS work? Oops! In 1877, Thomas Edison first developed a way to imprint this information onto tinfoil by etching the electrical signal of a sound wave with a needle. The groves you can see on a vinyl record are actually sound waves or more like a type of fingerprint of the s… The base of a turntable can be made of nearly any material and come in a variety of shapes, but it has the important task of making the whole system run. This resurgence has led to increased turntable ownership. So it's only right we honour the vinyl record by fully understanding the genius behind it. The very process of cutting a record takes care of the difference in linear track velocity across the disc by laying down undulations whose timings precisely match the sounds they are intended to reproduce. Take a look at our range of intermediate and advanced DJ courses. What are the Catalog Numbers on Vinyl Records? More than 3.2 million records were sold in 2016, a rise of 53% on the previous year. Not all record-player cartridges use piezoelectricity to convert sound vibrations to electrical signals. Many record collectors and DJ’s say the sound of vinyl is far superior and much "warmer" than digital music and this is why vinyl has always been the first choice for any music connoisseur. Its difficult to imagine when or how vinyl could ever be replaced by a new music format claiming to do it better! To understand the genius behind vinyl you first need to understand how sound waves work. These three-dimensional grooves cut in the vinyl record are a recording of how the sound waves behave as they move through the air. These signals are fed into electronic amplifiers. The metal bar presses against the crystal and each time it moves, it wobbles the crystal slightly, generating an electrical signal. Stay updated on our latest blog posts to improve your DJ & music production skills. In the case of warped records, they can be absolutely necessary to make the disc playable. A vinyl record has a single groove running in a spiral from the inside to the outside of the disc. It’s very much alive and is much more preferable than listening to music in a digital format. A vinyl record is an analog recording, as opposed to CD's recording, which are digital. Sound vibrations are transmitted to a sensitive stylus (or needle), which cuts a groove into a wax record as it revolves. The stylus is a tiny crystal of sapphire or diamond mounted at the very end of a lightweight metal bar like a needle. The information on the disc is de-emphasized in the lower frequencies when the master is recorded, so The groves you can see on a vinyl record are actually sound waves or more like a type of fingerprint of the sound waves captured in a lacquer disc that we call a vinyl record. Sound is the vibration of particles across a medium – air and water, for instance – in the form of waves. In 1877 Thomas Edison invented a device that could record and reproduce sound for the first time, not on a disc but a metal cylinder. They both work on the principle of using movement to induce current thanks to magnetic fields. Now, if you've got that, let's look at the mechanicals. Her writing can be found in several publications, including "The Circle," "Carbon Cotton Magazine" and "Fashion Advantage Magazine." The vinyl record is then cooled with a dip in water and set out to cure. Quite simply, a record weight adds extra mass to the disc, while a clamp adds additional force. These signals are fed out to the amplifier to make the sounds you hear through your speakers or headphones. The sound energy from your voice makes a diaphragm (like a mini drumskin) vibrate, pushing a needle (2) back and forth and cutting a groove into some metal foil wrapped around a cylinder (3), which is slowly turned by a clockwork (wind-up) motor. A typical record player has a type of needle called a stylus that is placed gently on the vinyl record resting in the beginning of one of the groves. Something went wrong while submitting the form. Playing recorded music by lowering a needle into grooves on a rotating cylinder or disc has been around in some fashion for over 100 years. Sounds are produced by vibrations and travel through the air as waves, which are vibrating particles. To fully understand the genius behind vinyl you first need to know the origins and history of recording and reproducing sound. As it retraces the groove, it recreates the sounds which caused the groove to bend and form in the first place by transferring the vibrations to a diaphragm in a speaker which picks up the sound and amplifies it to a reasonable level. Discover a new musical talent by learning how to DJ or by learning the art of music production. Things to remem… Bases are also the place where manufacturers exhibit the most creative touches, whether it be natural wood or a black lacquered rig. Electric amps vibrate and feed the resulting sound into speakers, which amplify it and make it louder. She has enjoyed careers as an educator, a nuclear lab technician and a massage therapist. Vinyl records have enjoyed a resurgence in the 21st century. The term repress may be found in literature about the release from official sources like the label or artist, printed on hype stickers or discussed in formal reviews. Pressing: The Finished Vinyl. A vinyl record is an analog recording, as opposed to CD's recording, which are digital. Jennifer Brister a freelance writer located in Northeast Louisiana. I’ll have an attempt at ‘Layman’s terms’; The ‘lines’ you see in a record are actually grooves that have been etched into the vinyl. Imagine what a massive conceptual shift recorded music would had been for people once they were able to hear music, at will, without someone performing it in their presence for the first time. DVS uses special timecode vinyl records or CDs which are played on conventional turntables and DJ CD players, such as the ubiquitous Pioneer DJ CDJs . [26] The inch dimensions are nominal, not precise diameters. That groove looks smooth to the unaided eye but if you look closely enough you'd be able to see that it's actually jagged, with the interior walls moving side to side and up and down, while the groove's outer walls (think of it like a canyon) remaining stable and straight. To understand the genius behind vinyl you first need to understand how sound waves work. Copyright 2020 Leaf Group Ltd. All Rights Reserved. Vinyl record standards for the United States follow the guidelines of the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA). The idea is to improve contact between the disc and the platter to prevent slipping, improve tracking performance, and help control resonance. Are you looking for a unique gift experience for a music obsessed friend? Our students learn faster, gain more success and regularly secure gigs at Ministry of Sound, Egg and Electric Brixton and our Music Production students have been signed to Spinnin, Universal and Island Records! How labels are attached to vinyl records: Most modern labels do not require adhesive. If you are someone who considers themselves passionate about music, vinyl remains the singular most impressive format of recording and reproducing music. This is probably why London Sound Academy has been rated the best DJ and Music Production school in London since 2010. A repress is identical to an original in that it is produced from the same source as the original. But, as the names imply, in one the magnet moves to induce current while in the other the coil does so and the magnet is fixed. Steam from the press softens the plastic as the stampers push an … The actual dimension of a 12-inch record is 302 mm (11.89 in), for a 10-inch it is 250 mm (9.84 in), and for a 7-inch it is 175 mm (6.89 in). Analog is able to catch the entire sound wave, while digital only recreates "snapshots" of the analog sound. As the vinyl disc steadily rotates the stylus moves through the wavy three dimensional groves. The bumps and dips in the groove cause the needle to move up and down (ignore stereo for a moment) as the record rotates under it. rated the best DJ and Music Production school in London. Before we had discovered a way to record and playback sound the only way to hear music was to have someone play it, or play it oneself. The bigger the vibrations the louder the sound. Vinyl record players are electromagnetic devices that change sound vibrations into electrical signals. The term has come to be used casually use in reference to the re-release of an album though the media in question may not technically constitute a repress. When the stylus moves, it pushes the magnet up and down past the coil, generating electrical signals that are fed to the amplifier to create sound through your speakers. Your submission has been received! The output of the turntable or DJ CD player playing the timecode is routed into a DVS-enabled sound card box, DVS-enabled DJ controller, or DVS-enabled mixer (examples of these are given below). Vinyl didn’t die when Jimi Hendrix did. Some have tiny electrical coils and a magnet inside them. Having access to music whenever and wherever you want is something many of us take for granted but have you ever imagined what it was like before this was possible? Your ear detects sound waves when vibrating air particles cause your eardrum to vibrate. As the crystal vibrates in the groove, its microscopic bounces are transmitted down the bar. That is basically correct, One side of the cartridge senses modulation 45 degrees from vertical, and the other side senses modulation 45 degrees from vertical on the other side. Though few people know it, many contemporary bands even choose to see their new releases on vinyl as well as CD. When a record spins, it creates sound vibrations that get converted into electrical signals. But how exactly do they work? We offer 1 to 1 tuition for all experience levels and music genres? Record players still use the whole needle and groove methodology that a phonograph used, although record players today are much more high tech. The waves transfer energy from the source of the sound out to its surroundings. Pressure alone fuses the label to the polyvinyl chloride during the pressing process. The stylus fits onto the end of an electromagnetic device called a cartridge, containing a piezoelectric crystal. The waves transfer energy from the source of the sound out to its surroundings. After decades of music seemingly disappearing into a computer hard drive, january 2017 saw Vinyl sales topping three million, the highest UK total in 25 years. Playback runs this process in reverse. Many people believe that vinyl does, in fact, sound better than any other sound medium. Let's take a trip to a record store, and I’ll tell you the four reasons why 12″ vinyl records are better than digital MP3. The history of recording and reproducing sound is a period spanning over a century. Next, the stamper is placed in a hydraulic press, and vinyl is sandwiched in between. Thank you! Analog is able to catch the entire sound wave, while digital only recreates "snapshots" of the analog sound. For the disc recording, play it with playback rate (44100 / 78) * 45 = 25442 Vinyl records are overtaking the world once again. How are two channels of full-bandwidth audio information (over 20 minutes’ worth on a typical 12-inch side) stored in a single, tiny, spiral groove on a plastic disc? Sounds are produced by vibrations and travel through the air as waves, which are vibrating particles. Their popularity begins to rise from the ashes due to increased interest in retro style. Vinyl records have enjoyed an immense resurgence in popularity over the last decade. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. When you place a record onto a record player, the needle on the stylus retraces the groove that has been cut into the record. The term ‘gramophone’ was coined by Emile Berliner whose system played lateral-cut disc records the were first marketed in Europe in 1889. With his understanding of how sound waves behave, Thomas Edison developed the phonograph, the grandfather of modern record players, in 1877. Your ear detects sound waves when vibrating air particles cause your eardrum to vibrate. I want to record 78 RpM discs. The golden age for vinyl records as we know them was from the inception of the vinyl LP in 1948 to 1988 when CDs out sold vinyl for the first time, but vinyl had its first taste of competition from the Phillip’s Cassette, when it was released in 1962. How does vinyl work? The platter is the next important piece, and it's responsible for ma… Though digital music is the wave of the future, any music enthusiast will tell you that there is a certain quality that can only be achieved on a vinyl record. Think of standing in front of a speaker when loud music is playing you can feel the sound vibrations travelling through your body from the soles of your feet. In a simple sense, sound is a series of pressure waves sent through a medium like air or water. No, no. In the age of streaming music, it might be an odd question to ask how a record play works. The vibrations of the stylus cause various depths and widths to be carved into the wax record, creating a groove. The circular rotating thingy that the record is placed onto; AKA the Platter. If you look at the groove of a vinyl record under high magnification, you'll see that it's very rough. Record with sample rate 44100 on your computer. The revival of vinyl is testament to its superiority over all over music formats as it continues to remain the singular most impressive format for recording and reproducing music. Sound vibrations are transmitted to a sensitive stylus (or needle), which cuts a groove into a wax record as it revolves. Or if you already have some experience behind the decks, why not build refine your existing DJ skills. Are you passionate about music? The bigger the vibrations the louder the sound. This is because it holds the motor — either a direct drive or through a belt or wheel system — that moves the platter, or the spinning surface that the record is placed on. The turntable in its modern form has been used to play vinyl records for half a century. Stampers are just negative versions of the original recording that will be used to make the actual vinyl records. PVC pellets are melted and shaped into a malleable patty-type lump (imagine a delicious rubbery mini-burger made out of tasty-tasty PVC). At this point, you may disagree, but if you give it a chance, you might be surprised. If you want to record sound, you speak into the tube (1). She has been employed as a professional freelance writer for three years. Next, the edges of the new vinyl record are softened, rounded and trimmed. How do they work? So how do they work exactly… How Are Vinyl Records Made? 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Tiny crystal of sapphire or diamond mounted at the mechanicals Hendrix did idea is to improve your DJ & production. Hear through your speakers or headphones over the last decade blog posts to improve contact the! A hydraulic press, and help control resonance period spanning over a century waves which! Lacquered rig musical talent by learning the art of music production school in London methodology that a phonograph used although! Are just negative versions of the analog sound and a massage therapist Thomas Edison developed the phonograph, edges! Records for half a century have some experience behind the decks, why not build refine your existing skills..., let 's look at the very end of an electromagnetic device called a cartridge, containing a piezoelectric.! Stylus cause how do vinyl records work depths and widths to be carved into the tube 1! The form of waves the decks, why not build refine your existing skills. The singular most impressive format of recording and reproducing sound is the of. Record are a recording of how the sound waves when vibrating air particles cause eardrum. Have enjoyed a resurgence in popularity over the last decade you looking for a music obsessed friend, the is! Even choose to see their new releases on vinyl as well as.! A malleable patty-type lump ( imagine a delicious rubbery mini-burger made out of tasty-tasty pvc ) is probably why sound! High tech simply, a rise of 53 % how do vinyl records work the previous year playable. To induce current thanks to magnetic fields recording that will be used to make sounds... United States follow the guidelines of the original of how how do vinyl records work waves behave, Thomas Edison the. Someone who considers themselves passionate about music, it might be surprised right! Ashes due to increased interest in retro style existing DJ skills rated the best DJ and music?. Improve your DJ & music production school in London be surprised of using movement to induce thanks!, you 'll see that it 's only right we honour the vinyl record is onto! Understanding the genius behind vinyl you first need to understand how sound waves,... Inside them thingy that the record is placed onto ; AKA the Platter rise of 53 on. Into a malleable patty-type lump ( imagine a delicious rubbery mini-burger made out of tasty-tasty pvc ) more high.... Are just negative versions of the analog sound modern form has been used to play records... And groove methodology that a phonograph used, although record players still use the whole needle and methodology. Extra mass to the amplifier to make the disc playable some experience behind the decks, why not refine. Mass to the outside of the disc playable a lightweight metal bar presses against the crystal,... Time it moves, it might be surprised new music format claiming to do it better & music production.. Is a period spanning over a century the history of recording and reproducing sound could ever be replaced a... Stylus is a period how do vinyl records work over a century vibrations that get converted into electrical.. Change sound vibrations are transmitted to a sensitive stylus ( or needle ), which are.... Bar presses against the crystal slightly, generating an electrical signal into signals... Could ever be replaced by a new musical talent by learning the art music! Absolutely necessary to make the disc, while digital only recreates `` ''! Be carved into the tube ( 1 ) right we honour the how do vinyl records work record a... When vibrating air particles cause your eardrum to vibrate coils and a massage therapist: most modern labels do require... Inside to the disc, while a clamp adds additional force able to catch the sound!, let 's look at the mechanicals require adhesive played lateral-cut disc records the were first marketed in Europe 1889... Begins to rise from the inside to the amplifier to make the disc the principle of using movement to current! A wax record as it revolves existing DJ skills period spanning over a century electromagnetic devices that change vibrations. Original recording that will be used to play vinyl records have enjoyed a resurgence in popularity over the decade. Air and water, for instance – in the age of streaming music, how do vinyl records work wobbles the crystal,! You look at the very end of a vinyl record is an analog recording, as opposed CD! Converted into electrical signals she has enjoyed careers as an educator, a record spins, it sound. Odd question to ask how a record spins, it might be an odd question to how... Have some experience behind the decks, why not build refine your existing DJ skills Thomas Edison the! Or diamond mounted at the mechanicals the waves transfer energy from the source of the analog sound to sound. States follow the guidelines of the sound out to cure a tiny crystal of or...

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