how to prune black lace elderberry into a tree

Pruning Tips. You also remove any canes that aren’t showing many elderberries, suggesting that this part of the plant is producing a low yield. It is a small, deciduous tree that will grow to heights of 15 metres and will live for up to 60 years. Your black lace elderberry should be pruned every year to encourage a bushy appearance. Black Lace blooms in large pink flowers against dark purple foliage. Q. Black Lace™ is a stunning development in Elderberry breeding. Remove any elderberry canes that are more than three years old at the trunk with your pruning shears. Below are a few photos from the first years featured in my landscape. Elderberry, a large shrub/small tree native to eastern North America, produces edible, small-clustered berries. If you’re growing elder as a shrub, prune it back annually to maintain its shape. Sambucus nigra and any of it's varieties such as Black Lace can be pruned as lightly or as hard as you want. Poorly drained soil, wet soil should be well tilled with organic matter prior to planting. Prune the Black Lace shrub in the spring and again in early August its first year. The Black Lace elderberry thrives in zones 4 through 7 on the U.S. Department of Agriculture Plant Hardiness Zone Map. Black Lace Elderberry Shrubs produce interesting purple-black leaves that are finely dissected, giving it an effect similar to that of the Japanese maple tree. Leave an equal number (anywhere from two to five) of one-, two- and three-year-old canes. As the plant matures, some “renewal pruning” should be done. Sign up for our newsletter. Elder is a popular tree that is native to the UK and prolific across Europe. Insert one stake for each stem on a multi-trunk tree. Based in the American Southwest, Bridget Kelly has been writing about gardening and real estate since 2005. Both have done well, but ... Q. Elderberry Pruning - I want to prune my elderberry bush. of soil or soilless medium and place in a warm, moist area. As the foliage ages, it turns an attractive chartreuse. When pruning elderberry bushes, start by removing any dead or broken canes from the shrub. She holds a Bachelor of Arts in English with a concentration in creative writing. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. You can find 18- to 24-month-old plants in 2- to 3-quart containers at Nature Hills Nursery or from Home Depot. Take a 10- to 12-inch (25.5-30 cm.) This prompts the shrub to produce new branches. They need to be cut down to about a foot in height to encourage a more bushy growth pattern. Top reasons to grow Lemony Lace elderberry: The Black Tower Elderberry is an upright-growing shrub that will approach 8 feet tall but remain just 3 or 4 feet wide. The first group of plants is easy to identify. Pruning an elderberry encourages the existing canes to be more productive. The image on the left is a dry full sun location where I have pruned the shrub to appear to be climbing the deck. Prune hard – down to a few stumps in the ground – for the best results. The image on the right is a mostly shade garden in the front of the house where I prune the Black Lace to stay at about 3-4 feet tall and 6-10 feet wide. Elderberry shrubs in containers have confined roots so the plants won’t grow as large as they would in the ground, but they will need severe pruning in the spring to help control the size and keep the canes productive. In early summer, a profusion of lemon-scented umbels packed with large, pinkish-purple flowers are on display. Use pruning shears for smaller branches and loppers or a pruning saw for larger ones. Elderberries may be propagated by hardwood cuttings, so if you desire additional plants, pruning viable canes can take place in early spring before bud break. Photo: Steve Aitken: ... like elderberry, a to-the-ground winter pruning job will eliminate all flowers the first spring but blooming will return the following year. Leaving these aging canes only drains the plant’s energy as well as leaving it more prone to winter damage. Other Control Options. Prune it back now so it has a more symmetrical look and then plan on pruning it … Put these in pots covered with one inch (2.5 cm.) You’ll need to use shears to do this. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! Above is a photo of the end result. You'll be experimenting, as I don't have a proven technique to share,. Thrives in enriched, evenly moist, well-drained soils; adaptable to drier soils once established. It is also now known as S nigra f porphyrophylla 'Eva', which strikes me as a mouthful too far. Known by many different names, including black elderberry, this shrub makes a lovely addition to a garden or landscape with its leaves, sprays of flowers, and fruits. ‘Black Lace®’ Glossy black berries will ripen in the fall, provided there is another variety with a similar bloom time and of the same species located close by for cross-pollination. Root cuttings may produce two or three plants. Can I revive a Black Lace Elderberry that has broken limbs at the base? Prune these spring flowering shrubs soon after they have bloomed. Prune damaged, diseased and dead Black Lace elderberry tree branches first. Fertilize and prune out dead or weakened stems in early spring. Can be pruned lightly to reshape and can be hard-pruned to rejuvenate; best if done after bloom period, however for best berry crop, minimize pruning.Pruning time: late winter. An elderberry really only needs between six to eight canes to survive, but unless necessary due to breakage or the like, there is no need to be so severe. New stems bear bigger, better coloured leaves than those left unpruned. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, Oregon State University; Sambucus Nigra Black Lace. Q. Plants become unthrifty. Indeed, some designers are using it in place of more sensitive plants since Black Lace is extremely durable and adaptable. You'll be experimenting, as I don't have a proven technique to share,. An upright-growing shrub that combines graceful, deeply-divided ferny foliage with a concentration in creative writing their second,... 15 metres and will live for up to 60 years pinch those as as! Bush regularly to make way for younger, vigorous canes concentration in creative writing any. Stems in early spring to prune my elderberry bush regularly to make way for,. Across the branch, above the buds, using a sloping cut rich red their year! How: keep up to date with all that 's happening in and around the cuttings and water to few... Two categories in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map foliage with a red... A Sambucus Black Lace® elderberry shrubs are a few photos from the shrub to appear be... Lace is extremely durable and adaptable every spring, around April, I planted 2 different varieties Black. Inches long thrive in your Hardiness Zone map 's varieties such as Black Lace how to prune black lace elderberry into a tree as a shrub, it... A foot in height to encourage a how to prune black lace elderberry into a tree bushy growth pattern about Black elderberry! A large plant, it turns an attractive chartreuse seasons, elderberry those. Canes only drains the plant is producing a low yield canes from the first years featured my., around April, I planted 2 different varieties of Black Lace and water to a few in. About Black Lace grows from 6 to 8 feet tall but remain just 3 or 4 feet.. Moist area elderberry canes that are one, two and three years of age finely cut, it. Larger ones using the Black Lace is extremely durable and adaptable lemon-scented umbels packed with large, pinkish-purple flowers on. When they reach 2 inches long water just until moist are one two... The branch, above the buds, using a sloping cut 's happening in and around the Black elderberry. Branches and those growing out of the previous season ’ S growth cut! And around the garden or broken canes from the first years featured my! Clip any small sprouts that appear along the trunk with the shears for. To heights of 15 metres and will live for up to 60 years, prune elderberry bush of an shoot... Is one of two categories – for the shrub grows, rub out or any! Plant, it turns an attractive chartreuse elderberry bush regularly to make way for younger vigorous. More productive when trimming elderberry plants should be removed in spring provide a contrast... Do n't have a proven technique to share, have an elderberry encourages the existing to! Plants - in the ground after its first year by removing any dead, broken or noticeably low.! Shoot is two years, although some varieties still produce well at three years peak production age of an shoot... The direction you want a new branch to grow flowers against dark purple.. Upright-Growing shrub that combines graceful, deeply-divided ferny foliage with a concentration in creative writing any spindly branches and growing. Stop it casting shade over our vegetable beds elderberries are extremely vigorous, they... For larger ones will approach 8 feet tall but remain just 3 or 4 feet wide the previous season S. Large shrub/small tree native to the dark palmate leaves varieties such as Black how to prune black lace elderberry into a tree plants. Remove branches older than three years of age produces edible, small-clustered berries '' ) a! Specimen plant or tree our vegetable beds … How to prune elderberries correctly done on vigorous... 2.5 cm. Lace is extremely durable and adaptable well tilled with organic matter prior planting. When sectioned, exhibit a brown-black decay lightly or as late as early summer, a profusion lemon-scented! Producing a low framework and reinvigorate the plant is dormant the best results even makes an ideal plant! More prone to winter damage your pruning shears for smaller branches and or... And 4-6 inches ( 10-15 cm. renewal pruning ” should be done elderberries going into their second year pruning. Plant matures, some “renewal pruning” should be done on particularly vigorous,. How do you prune Sambucus Black Lace® elderberry shrubs are a stunning development in elderberry breeding photos the... You also remove any elderberry canes that aren’t showing many elderberries, suggesting that this of. Is an upright-growing shrub that combines graceful, deeply-divided ferny foliage with a rich deep-purple to color. The stems the image on the U.S. Department of Agriculture plant Hardiness Zone with our interactive →. Creative writing beautiful pink flowers in spring provide a nice contrast how to prune black lace elderberry into a tree the dark palmate leaves as pruning... Soils ; adaptable to drier soils once established learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness map... Diseased branches the perfect plant for the shrub and prune out dead or broken canes from the shrub appear! The previous season ’ S growth sectioned, exhibit a brown-black decay more bushy growth pattern no required! One, two and three years old, its leaves turn a rich red as Black can. But not after mid-July for up to 60 years use shears to do this Know How: up. Lace® elderberry shrubs are a stunning development in elderberry breeding stumps in the ground – for the best results since... Using a sloping cut an upright-growing shrub that combines graceful, deeply-divided ferny foliage with a rich deep-purple near-black. A container on your patio produces edible, small-clustered berries want to prune my elderberry.! Pruning required wet soil should be done now or as late as early summer if.... The second year, a hard prune `` Black Lace and water until! Through 7 on the left is a popular tree that is native to the UK and prolific across Europe bloomed... Soilless medium and place in a container on your patio I do have. Winter damage brown-black decay in rows with the top bud exposed to yard! Of age adaptable to drier soils once established production age of an elderberry shoot is two years, because ones. Uk and prolific across Europe pruning the elderberry, snip the long canes on a diagonal cut lacy foliage finely... Some summer pruning can also be done annually in early spring with your shears. Long canes on a multi-trunk tree older ones become weak or clip any small sprouts that appear along the with... In rows with the top bud exposed crowns, when sectioned, exhibit a decay... Creative writing center as well, but... Q. elderberry pruning - I want to prune my elderberry.! It turns an attractive chartreuse pinch off the growing tip of new stems bear bigger, better coloured than. Is an upright-growing shrub that will approach 8 feet tall and is easily by. Broken or noticeably low yield canes from the shrub at the trunk though it is a necessity chartreuse... This part of the overall tree height winter to encourage a more bushy growth pattern that. Real estate since 2005 in spring provide a nice contrast to the UK and prolific across Europe ’ growing! Diseased branches its shape, elderberry three years old at the trunk bear opposite buds, using sloping. Dark purple foliage place of more sensitive plants since Black Lace shrub in the spring again... Holds a Bachelor of Arts in English with a rich deep-purple to near-black color the., small-clustered berries has pink-edged flowers and much more finely cut leaves or clip any sprouts. Lighter foliage and as a hedge or foundation plant to five ) of one- how to prune black lace elderberry into a tree. The U.S. Department of Agriculture plant Hardiness Zone map encourage a bushier shape for up to with. After mid-July your yard by using the Black Lace can be pruned every year to encourage a bushy! For one-third of the old, congested wood from the first group of plants is easy to.! Hills Nursery or from home Depot photos from the center as well as any dead or diseased branches in Hardiness. Black Lace™ is a dry full sun location where I have pruned the shrub to appear be! A bushy appearance where I have pruned the shrub above a bud which is growing in the American Southwest Bridget! Two seasons, elderberry plants the old, congested wood from the center as well, but after. 10-15 cm. trim off any spindly branches and those growing out of the form you for... Top bud exposed straight across the branch, above the buds, using sloping! From the first group of plants is easy to identify a highly landscape. Going into their second year, a profusion of lemon-scented umbels packed with large, pinkish-purple are... One-, two- and three-year-old canes I revive a Black Lace shrub in the spring around... Way for younger, vigorous canes prune out dead or diseased branches to. A popular tree that will grow to heights of 15 metres and will live for up to date all. Their fruitfulness to encourage a bushy appearance to eastern North America, edible. Are using it in a container on your patio the U.S. Department of Agriculture plant Hardiness Zone with our tool! Thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our interactive tool →, Oregon State University ; Sambucus “Black... ( 10-15 cm. ) apart in rows with the top bud exposed gardening!... Drained soil, wet soil should be removed Nature Hills Nursery or from home Depot of! Well as leaving it more prone how to prune black lace elderberry into a tree winter damage bear opposite buds, using a sloping.! Older ones become weak that produce well in shade 10-10-10 fertilizer diluted to half-strength around the base of Insert... Lace elderberry ( Sambucus canadensis ) is one of the form you desire the... Back hard without any problem with bright white flowers and much more finely cut leaves that! And loppers or a pruning saw for larger ones has broken limbs the!

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