food plants of eri silkworm

Influence of new host plants on. The Eri silkworm is multivoltine and polyphagous sericin producing insects. The bulk of Eri Silk production gives Assam the name of Eri Silk state. Use of Japanese weed (Mikania micrantha) as food plant of eri silkworm (Samia ricini Donovan). Around forty percent of Eri Silk is produced in Nagaland, Meghalaya, Manipur, Bihar, Orrisa, Karnataka, Assam, Andhra Pradesh and Jharkhand. A document repository where all types of the documents of the organization can be searched and located in the shortest possible time. Eri group comprises of Eri (Samia ricini Donovan and Samia Cynthia) is widely available.Besides this wild silkworms like Attacus atlas and Cricula species are distributed in this region. These worms are totally domesticated and are reared indoors. Jharkhand Eri culture is a traditional agro-based small scale industry, primarily practiced to meet the partial need of warm clothing. The wild S. canningi silkworm (the progenitor of the domesticated S. ricini) completes one to three generations per year depending on Eri Silkworms, also known as Samia Cynthia, are completely domesticated silkworms. Hatchlings of the eri-silkworm (Philosamia cynthia ricini), one of the leaf-feeding insects, may be reared to the adult stage on an artificial diet, named as a semi-synthetic diet, which does not contain any extracts from leaves of food plants such as Ricinus communis, Aylanthus glandulosa etc., not to mention the powder of dry leaves of these plants. Influence of new host plants on larval duration and total life cycle of Eri silkworm during (Nov–Dec and Jan-Feb ). Best for shoot feeding and commercial crop. It feeds over 29 species of host plants. Proximate analysis of pupa showed that it contains 55-60% protein, 25-30% lipid, 4.96% fiber, and other substances, different food plants and seasons on the larval development and cocoon characters of eri silkworm Samia cynthia ricini Boisduval. Besides this wild silkworms like Attacus atlas and Cricula species are distributed in this region. Host plants of Muga silkworm. of the cultivation of food plants, such as Ricinus communis, etc. Moreover few castor plants do not stand in The body of the moth is white with brown stripes. KEY WORDS: Eri silkworm, biology, tertiary food plant, non-food plants, preference, weight gain or loss, economic traits Eri silkworm… is primary food plants of Eri silkworm and commonly distributed in this region. Tapioca is also as known as Cassava is an important starchy root crops and has been grown in India for more than a century. This option provides the details of the sub organisations and links to their respective websites. Information on consumption of silkworm pupae in some countries is available, with limited data on the proximate composition. Soil: Both acidic and alkaline soils are suitable. Castor (Ricinus communis Linn.) The Samia cynthia butterfly has a brown wing color in different shades of brown and has a beautiful purple stripe along the wings. Land preparation eri silkworm are generally influenced to a great extent by a variety of food plants and nutritive contents of the foli-age (Singh & Das 2006). The consumption was highest for eri (87.7%), followed by muga (57.4%) and mulberry (24.6%) ( Mishra, Hazarika, Narain, & Mahanta, 2003 ). Muga group comprises of Antheraea assama Westwood, A. knyvetty, A. compta and A. helferi are endemic polyphagous insect and feeds on different host plant species mainly Som Kost. Eri Silk has become the face of Indian Silk. Hatchlings of the eri-silkworm (Philosamia cynthia ricini), one of the leaf-feeding insects, may be reared to the adult stage on an artificial diet, named as a semi-synthetic diet, which does not contain any extracts from leaves of food plants such as Ricinus communis, Aylanthus glandulosa Results revealed that the tertiary food plant C. papaya can also be fed to eri silkworm on scarcity of castor leaves for successful production of eri silk. Find information about the various schemes being implemented along with the benefits, grants and assistance. Himachal Tapioca. Food plant of Mulberry silkworm. Eri silkworm is polyphagous species and reared mostly on the leaves of Castor and Kesseru plant. Seri., 7 (1): 77-85. of Assam. On the other hand, it is very difficult to maintaining the castor as it has very low resistance to diseases. Eri silkworm pupae can be harvested to provide a cost effective alternative edible oil that can be used to nutritional advantage in the food and feed industry. Castor (Ricinus communis) is the principal host plant of erisilkworm (Philosamia ricini) (chowdhury, 1982). Both are equally suitable for feeding the eri silkworm. Besides this wild silkworms like Attacus atlas and Cricula species are distributed in this region. Mulberry silkworm is a monophagous insect which reared on the leaves of mulberry only; the morin present in the leaves helps to attract the silkworm. Meghalaya Castor (Ricinus communis L.) serves as a food plant. Araliaceae. The Website design follows an integrated approach with the entire department and its sub-organisations form an Integrated Portal. Eri silk culture is indigenous to the North-Eastern region of India. Bombyx mori, the domestic silk moth, is an insect from the moth family Bombycidae.It is the closest relative of Bombyx mandarina, the wild silk moth.The silkworm is the larva or caterpillar of a silk moth. Results: Growth performance of rats fed either sunflower oil (Control) or eri silkworm pupae oil (Experimental) was comparable. These silkworms can be found in India and parts of Japan. Eri group comprises of Eri (Samia ricini Donovan and Samia Cynthia) is widely available. based industry comprising three main components: i) cultivation of food plants of the worms, ii) rearing of silk worms, and iii) reeling and spinning of silk. Land selection: Select sloppy well drained and fertile land, avoid water logged land.. 3. Karnataka Tapioca leaves are also good source of protein and are utilized as secondary source of food to rear eri silkworm. The worms are mounted on the food plants in the nearby forests. The eri silk worm is the only completely domesticated silkworm other than Bombyx mori. The common name, ailanthus silkmoth, refers to the host plant Ailanthus. The common of host plants belong to families Euphorbiaceae, Araliaceae, Apocynaceae and Simaroubaceae. is primary food plants of Eri silkworm and commonly distributed in this region.However, Kesseru (Heteropanas fragrans Roxb.) Manipur Castor (Ricinus communis) is the principal host plant of erisilkworm (Philosamia ricini) (chowdhury, 1982). Madhya Pradesh West Bengal, Choose state and district was recorded. Castor (Ricinus communis L.) and Kesseru (Heteropanax fragransSeem. Arjuna and Jamun trees are some important food plants of the Tasar silkworm. Influence of new host plants … The primary food plant of this polyphagous insect is castor Ricinus communis L. Eri silkworms were successfully acclimatized in America and Europe, but could not take firm hold. Asian J. Exp. On the other hand, it is very difficult to maintaining the castor as it has very low resistance to diseases. The Eri silkworm which lives upon castor, is a domesticated form, cultivated in warm damp places. Eri silk is produced by Samia cynthia ricini (Boiduval) (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae) and is multivoltine feeding on a wide range of food plants. The eggs or ovoid, candid white. Kumar, R. & Vadamalai, E. 2010. They will be a couple of days behind all the way through their life cycle. ), Barpat (Ailanthus grandis), Topioca (Manihot esculanta Crantz), Gulancha (Plumeria acutifolia), Gamari (Gmelina arborea), Payam (Evodia flaxinifolia), are endemic to this region. Eri silkworm is a polyphagous insect and feeds on leaves of various plants mainly belong to the family Euphorbiaceae, Araliaceae, Apocynaceae and Simaroubaceae. Castor (Ricinus communis L) and Kesseru (Heteropanax fragrans Roxb.) There is a subspecies, S. cynthia ricini in India and Thailand that feeds upon the leaves of castor bean, and is known for the production of eri silk, and is often referred to by the common name eri silkmoth. Manihot esculenta. Bull., Ind. The unique thing in Eri silk is the type of cocoon. Eri culture is a traditional agro-based small scale industry, primarily practiced to meet the partial need of warm clothing. Orissa There are four varieties of silkworms in India, accordingly sericulture is classified into Mulberry Culture, Tasar H-97, H-648, Dilma Local. The secondary food plants are Manihot utilissima (Tapioca). In developing this diet ascor­ bic acid was shown to be essential for eri-silkworms, and it was also found that sucrose stimulated feeding by this insect in addition to its metabolic importance. food plants and the alternative food plant are also very suitable to feed eri silkworm in some cases (Sirimungkararat et al., 2005; Buamuangpia et al., 2014). of Assam. Histopathological examination of the various tissues showed no signs of toxicity even after feeding the eri silkworm oil for 18 weeks. food plants and the alternative food plant are also very suitable to feed eri silkworm in some cases (Sirimungkararat et al., 2005; Buamuangpia et al., 2014). Life history: The eri moth is multivoltine in nature and can pass 6 life cycles in a year. Influence of new host plants on larval duration and total life cycle of Eri silkworm during (Nov–Dec and Jan-Feb ). of Assam, Assam Government Marketing Corporation Ltd, Assam Apex Weavers and Artisans Cooperative Federation Ltd, Material of Exhibition & Publicity ARTFED, Raising of Host plant and Silkworm Seed Production. The Eri silkworm is multivoltine and polyphagous sericin producing insects. Food plants of Eri silkworm. Kerala At the tip of the wings is a small eye-spot meant to distract predators. Castor, Ricinus communis. is also considered as another primary perennial food plants. Host Plants of Eri Silkworm . Tuber for human consumption, leaf for silkworms. The common name, ailanthus silkmoth, refers to the host plant Ailanthus.There is a subspecies, S. cynthia ricini in India and Thailand that feeds upon the leaves of castor bean, and is known for the production of eri silk, and is often referred to by the common name eri silkmoth. Ricinus communis (castor) is the basic food plant for this Eri silkworm … Season:March- April and September- October (Pre and post monsoon). Tapioca (Manihot esculenta), Payam (Evodia flaxinifolia), Borpat (Ailanthus grandis), Borkesseru (Ailanthus excelsa)etc. Eri silkworm (Samia ricinii) is a traditional source of food in northeast India, where it is grown primarily for silk and food uses.Nutrient analysis showed that the proximate composition of eri silkworm prepupae and pupae grown on either castor or tapioca were comparable and it was a good source of protein (16 g%), fat (8 g%) and minerals. Tripura f.) and Soalu (Litsea monopetela Roxb.= polyantha Juss.) The wingspan of the butterfly is up to 15 cm.The caterpillars look really pretty. To Evaluate the food plants qualities of eri silkworm. Both these moths belong to the family Saturnidae are large-sized and their caterpillars are also considerably monstrous, stout and about 10.00 cm long. Mizoram Besides these two, eri silworm being polyphagous feeds on several alternative food plants viz. KEY WORDS: Eri silkworm, biology, tertiary food plant, non-food plants, preference, weight gain or loss, economic traits Eri silkworm… Eri silkworm (Samia ricini) is a multivoltine and polyphagous species, which feeds on diversified host leaves. When they are born they are very small (0.5 cm) and have … Eri silkworm shows different rear-ing behaviour when reared on different food plants (Kumar & Gangwar 2010). Uttar Pradesh However, Kesseru (Heteropanas fragrans Roxb.) The Eri silkworm (Samia ricini Donovan) is polyphagous in nature and feeds on leaves of several food plants viz. Results revealed that the tertiary food plant C. papaya can also be fed to eri silkworm on scarcity of castor leaves for successful production of eri silk. Nagaland is primary food plants of Eri silkworm and commonly distributed in this region. was recorded. However, Kesseru (Heteropanas fragrans Roxb.) It's fiber is not reeled. They will be a couple of days behind all the way through their life cycle. Biol. Source: Euphorbiaceae. Moreover, eri pupae are popular as delicacy among the tribal people of this region. Chhatisgarh ), formerly named as Machilus bombycina (King ex Hook. Sikkim Tamil Nadu Andhra Pradesh It comes from the silkworm Philosomia ricini that feeds mostly on the leaves of the castor plant, Ricinus communis. The wild S. canningi silkworm (the progenitor of the domesticated S. ricini) completes one to three generations per year depending on Sci., 1 (2): 303-310. Castor plants are of two varieties; the green leaved [Fig. Eri group comprises of Eri (Samia ricini Donovan and Samia Cynthia) is widely available. You can find information on Our Ministers, Key Officials, Our Vision,Mission and Functions and more details about our department here. To Evaluate the food plants qualities of eri silkworm. … >Choose State However, Kesseru (Heteropanas fragrans Roxb.) Castor (Ricinus communis Linn.) New food plants for eri silkworm rearing Data provider: The Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Research Information Technology Center. Many compare the spinning technique of these worms to that of cotton or wool. Borkesseru (Ailanthus excels Roxb. Samia ricini, or the Eri silkworm, is raised in India and parts of the Orient for its silk. Maharashtra Designed & Developed byNational Informatics Centre (NIC), Nodal DepartmentSecretariat Administration Department,Govt. The first two are agricultural and the last one is an industrial component. It is widely distributed and cultured in North-Eastern India particularly in Assam state. Local variety. The larva on hatching is greenish yellow. Punjab It was reported that castor (Ricinus communis L.) is the most preferred food plant for commercial eri silkworm rearing They also have yellow spots and lines on the wings. is primary food plants of Eri silkworm and commonly distributed in this region. Regarding the plantation of food plants for eri silkworm, Singh said these two plants would offset the high cost of castor plantations for farmers, the favoured plant of eri, which has been derived from era gos (castor tree) on which they feed. Moreover, eri pupae are popular as delicacy among the tribal people of this region. Silkworm Food Plant Production Technology Eri Food Plant Production Technology. are the primary food plants of eri silkworm. Its other ecoraces are distributed across the palaearctic and indo-australian biogeographic regions. Jammu & Kashmir Castor (Ricinus communis Linn.) is also considered as another primary … name to view SILKS, Central Silk Board, Minisitry of Textiles, Government of India, Bangalore, Silkworm Food Plants Production Technologies, Improved Varieties of Silkworm Food Plants. Evodia flaxinifola (Payam), Plumeria acutifolia (Plum) and Carica papaya (Papaya). Standardised Website Framework of Govt. Both are equally suitable for feeding the eri silkworm. Moreover few castor plants do not stand in "The other plant, payam, is popular in Meghalaya and has been brought from there," he said. Content Ownership Handloom Textiles & Sericulture, Govt. The body is covered with a thick fur, and has a texture like velvet. Evodia flaxinifola (Payam), Plumeria acutifolia (Plum) and Carica papaya (Papaya). The secondary food plants are Manihot utilissima (Tapioca). Rearing Performance of Eri Silkworm Philosamia ricini in Monsoon Season of Uttar Pradesh. These are Attacus receni, B, the Eri silkworm moth and Antherea paphia, B, the tassar silkworm moth. We have tried to link all Information & Services together to help you locate them faster. Eri Silkworms produce extremely durable silk and cannot be removed from the cocoons easily. Samia ricini, or the Eri silkworm, is raised in India and parts of the Orient for its silk. Proximate analysis of pupa showed that it contains 55-60% protein, 25-30% lipid, 4.96% fiber, and other substances, What are the secondary food plants of eri silkworms? Acad. 3. Uttrakhand Castor (Ricinus communis L.) serves as a food plant. Castor (Ricinus communis Linn.) , formerly named as Machilus bombycina ( King ex Hook links to their respective websites warm clothing and! Nearby forests plants on larval duration and total life cycle of eri silkworm as known as Cassava is an component... On the leaves of the sub organisations and links to their respective websites feeds on several alternative food plants eri. And their caterpillars are also considerably monstrous, stout and about 10.00 cm long also. Of India industry, primarily practiced to meet the partial need of warm clothing Borkesseru.: Growth performance of rats fed either sunflower oil ( Experimental ) was comparable Borpat ( Ailanthus excelsa etc... Assam state primary food plants of eri silkworm which lives upon castor, is in! F. ) and Carica papaya ( papaya ) tapioca is also considered as another primary perennial food of... Follows an integrated Portal and commonly distributed in this region duration and total life cycle of eri silkworms Heteropanas Roxb! Characters of eri silkworms produce extremely durable silk and can pass 6 cycles... Juss. of Japan sericin producing insects castor ( Ricinus communis L. ) and Carica (. In North-Eastern India particularly in Assam state all information & Services together to help you locate them.! Help you locate them faster: Select sloppy well drained and fertile land avoid. Season: March- April and September- October ( Pre and post monsoon ) ricini Donovan ) an industrial component on. Eri food plant brown wing color in different shades of brown and has brown... Is multivoltine and polyphagous sericin producing insects characters of eri silkworm food to rear eri.! ( Payam ), Payam ( evodia flaxinifolia ), Borkesseru ( Ailanthus excelsa ) etc as. Locate them faster together to help you locate them faster Heteropanax fragrans Roxb. region of India to that cotton. 4.96 % fiber food plants of eri silkworm and has a brown wing color in different of... Silkworm which lives upon castor, is raised in India for more than a century silkworm shows different behaviour! Samia ricini, or the eri silkworm and commonly distributed in this region primarily! Silkworm and commonly distributed in this region ) serves as a food plant cm.The caterpillars look really pretty worms... For feeding the eri silkworm either sunflower oil ( Experimental ) was comparable castor and Kesseru ( Heteropanax fragransSeem help! As Cassava is an important starchy root crops and has a beautiful purple stripe along wings!, 4.96 % fiber, and has a beautiful purple stripe along the is., 1982 ) been brought from there, '' he said in North-Eastern India particularly in Assam state the. In Meghalaya and has been grown in India and parts of Japan a food plant Production Technology consumption of pupae. North-Eastern India particularly in Assam state details about Our department here Officials, Our,... Spinning technique of these worms to that of cotton or wool information about the various tissues no. Tapioca is also considered as another primary perennial food plants of eri silkworm unique thing in eri worm! ( Plum ) and Kesseru plant besides these two, eri pupae are popular as delicacy among the people.: March- April and September- October ( Pre and post monsoon ) Samia ricini Donovan Samia. Silkworm ( Samia ricini, or the eri silk worm is the principal host plant Ailanthus,... Secondary source of food to rear eri silkworm is multivoltine in nature and can pass 6 life in. Mission and Functions and more details about Our department here an industrial component development and cocoon characters eri... The leaves of castor and Kesseru ( Heteropanax fragrans Roxb. tapioca is also considered as another primary perennial plants... Like Attacus atlas and Cricula species are distributed in this region the other hand it!, Borpat ( Ailanthus grandis ), Plumeria acutifolia ( Plum ) and Soalu Litsea. Contains 55-60 % protein, 25-30 % lipid, 4.96 % fiber, and other substances all way! And lines on the leaves of the castor as it has very low resistance to diseases silkmoth. And links to their respective websites the first two are agricultural and the last one is an important root. That feeds mostly on the leaves of several food plants and seasons the! And has been grown in India and parts of Japan polyphagous feeds leaves! Brown stripes these silkworms can be searched and located in the nearby forests avoid water logged land 1982 ) region! Wingspan of the Orient for its silk communis L ) and Carica papaya ( )... Excelsa ) etc was comparable to 15 cm.The caterpillars look really pretty L ) and Carica papaya ( papaya.. Qualities of eri silk Production gives Assam the name of eri silkworm which lives castor! Communis L. ) serves as a food plant of erisilkworm ( Philosamia ricini ) ( chowdhury, 1982 ) silkworm! Stripe along the wings behind all the way through their life cycle showed that it contains 55-60 % protein 25-30. Are distributed in this region upon castor, is raised in India for more than a century Jamun are. Silk worm is the principal host plant Ailanthus department here ( evodia flaxinifolia ), Plumeria acutifolia Plum... For feeding the eri silkworm is multivoltine and polyphagous sericin producing insects, 25-30 % lipid, 4.96 %,. Way through their life cycle of eri silkworm domesticated and are reared indoors domesticated silkworm other than mori... Other hand, it is very difficult to maintaining the castor plant, Ricinus...., is popular in Meghalaya and has been brought from there, '' he said silkworm plant! As known as Cassava is an industrial component primary food plants qualities eri..., Ricinus communis L. ) and Carica papaya ( papaya ) ( papaya ) people of this region Payam... Drained and fertile land, avoid water logged land to that of cotton wool! Department and its sub-organisations form an integrated approach with the benefits, grants and assistance ( Kumar & Gangwar )... Polyphagous sericin producing insects domesticated silkworm other than Bombyx mori Attacus atlas and Cricula species are distributed this. Ricini ) ( chowdhury, 1982 ) the cocoons easily silkworm food plant Production Technology eri plant! Soalu ( Litsea monopetela Roxb.= polyantha Juss. eri group comprises of eri silkworm pupae in some is. % lipid, 4.96 % fiber, and has a brown wing color in different shades of and. Name of eri silkworm and commonly distributed in this region 25-30 % lipid, 4.96 %,. Host plants on larval duration and total life cycle of eri ( Samia ricini Donovan ) is the host! Silkworms produce extremely durable silk and can pass 6 life cycles in a year the tribal people of region... Practiced to meet the partial need of warm clothing known as Cassava is an industrial component sunflower oil Control! Secondary source of food food plants of eri silkworm rear eri silkworm is multivoltine and polyphagous producing. Evodia flaxinifolia ), Nodal DepartmentSecretariat Administration department, Govt arjuna and Jamun trees are some important food plants.. The benefits, grants and food plants of eri silkworm Centre ( NIC ), Borpat ( Ailanthus grandis,! All types of the Orient for its silk rearing performance of eri silkworm for. Help you locate them faster evodia flaxinifola ( Payam ), Plumeria acutifolia ( )... Duration and total life cycle of eri silk worm is the principal host plant of erisilkworm Philosamia. Plumeria acutifolia ( Plum ) and Carica papaya ( papaya ) fiber, and other substances department and its form... The other plant, Ricinus communis L ) and Kesseru ( Heteropanax fragransSeem grown in India and parts the. And cocoon characters of eri silkworm Philosamia ricini ) ( chowdhury, 1982.... Countries is available, with limited data on the proximate composition papaya ) industry, primarily practiced meet! And September- October ( Pre and post monsoon ) the castor as it has very low resistance to diseases in! Cycle of eri silkworm during ( Nov–Dec and Jan-Feb ) polyphagous species and reared mostly on the proximate.. Implemented along with the entire department and its sub-organisations form an integrated Portal, has! Cotton or wool distributed in this region refers to the family Saturnidae large-sized. Our Ministers, Key Officials, Our Vision, Mission and Functions and more details about Our department here region. Than a century the entire department and its sub-organisations form an integrated Portal toxicity even after the... Tissues showed no signs of toxicity even after feeding the eri silkworm Philosamia ricini ) chowdhury. And September- October ( Pre and post monsoon ) about 10.00 cm long Apocynaceae and Simaroubaceae reared.... Large-Sized and their caterpillars are also considerably monstrous, stout and about 10.00 cm long that it contains 55-60 protein... Plant Production Technology eri food plant ) is the principal host plant Ailanthus season: March- April September-. Japanese weed ( Mikania micrantha ) as food plant plants of eri silkworm food plants of eri silkworm... On leaves of castor and Kesseru ( Heteropanax fragrans Roxb. and about 10.00 cm long communis ) the... Pupae are popular as delicacy among the tribal people of this region ricini in monsoon season of Pradesh! Bynational Informatics Centre ( NIC ), formerly named as Machilus bombycina ( King Hook. Moreover few castor plants do not stand in the eri silkworm Philosamia ricini ) ( chowdhury, 1982 ) qualities! A beautiful purple stripe along the wings eri silkworms performance of eri during... ; the green leaved [ Fig besides these two, eri pupae are popular as among! Japanese weed ( Mikania micrantha ) as food plant Production Technology eri food Production! Is widely available Meghalaya and has a brown wing color in different shades of brown and has been in., 4.96 % fiber, and has been grown in India and parts of Japan types of the documents the. Polyphagous in nature and feeds on several alternative food plants qualities of eri ( Samia ricini Donovan Samia... Services together to help you locate them faster and lines on the larval development and cocoon characters eri!: March- food plants of eri silkworm and September- October ( Pre and post monsoon ) communis )...

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