It is hardy in zones 3 to 8. The hazel family, Hamamelidaceae, is comprised of over 100 species of trees and shrubs, including winter hazels, ironwoods, sweetgums, and the witch hazels. Commonly known as witch hazel, with its spicy fragrant, spidery flowers in shades of yellow, orange and red, Hamamelis brings colour and scent to your garden in winter. Witch hazel is commonly used to treat insect bites, sunburn and as a refreshing lotion for after shaving. Witch-hazel is mainly used externally on hemorrhoids, minor bleeding, and skin ir… Witch-Hazel Family Trees of Kentucky. Numerous cultivars have been selected for use as garden shrubs, many of them derived from the hybrid H. × intermedia Rehder (H. japonica × H. mollis). It languished in nursery rows for years until it was noticed, propagated and put on the market in 1902.. They prefer well-amended soil and regular water and are tolerant of acid or alkaline conditions. It does well in the home landscape and should be planted away from dwellings and other buildings because of its habit of spreading. Increase your soil's organic content by adding compost at planting time. Each flower has four slender strap-shaped petals 3⁄8–3⁄4 inch (0.95–1.91 cm) long, pale to dark yellow, orange, or red. Without pruning, plants will grow 15-30 feet tall with a similar width. The spring witch-hazel (Hamamelis vernalis) grows wild on gravel bars and rocky stream banks in the Ozark Plateau of Missouri, Oklahoma, and Arkansas. It has yellow blooms with red centers that appear in … PUBLISHED: PUBLISHED: 00:01, Sat, Jan 17, 2015. They appreciate full sun to partial shade and do well on the fringes of wooded areas. Jelena and Robert de Belder of Arboretum Kalmthout, selecting for red cultivars, found three: the first, with bronze flowers, was named 'Jelena'; the next, with red flowers, was named 'Diane' (the name of their daughter); the last, with deep red flowers, was called 'Livia' (the name of their granddaughter). Everything you need to know about choosing the right witch hazel for you. Witch hazel grows up to 15 feet in 20 years. Witch hazel is not bothered by any serious pests or disease and will tolerate deer some browsing. The witch-hazels are deciduous shrubs or (rarely) small trees growing to 10–25 feet (3.0–7.6 m) tall, rarely to 40 ft (12 m) tall. , Native Americans used extract of witch-hazel extensively for medicinal purposes. Hamamelis virginiana (common witch hazel) is a 15- to 20-foot-tall shrub that flowers with yellow blooms from October to December.  Jacob George Strutt's 1822 book, Sylva Britannica attests that "Wych Hazel" was used in England as a synonym for wych elm, Ulmus glabra; The use of the twigs as divining rods, just as hazel twigs were used in England, may also have, by folk etymology, influenced the "witch" part of the name. plants) Sun Exposure Full Sun, Medium Sun/Average Shade, Shade. Water regularily for the first year and during periods of extended drought after. This native grows throughout northeast and southeast North America, from Nova Scotia to Florida and from the Great Lakes to eastern Texas. The leaves and bark of the North American witch-hazel, Hamamelis virginiana, may be used to produce an astringent decoction as a cooling agent for various uses in folk medicine, herbalism, and skincare products. , Hawes' process was further refined by Thomas Newton Dickinson, Sr., who is credited with starting the commercial production of witch hazel extract, also in Essex, Connecticut, in 1866, and eventually establishing nine production sites in eastern Connecticut. H. virginiana is the fragrant but not-so-showy variety that grows in woodland clearings. as defined by the USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map; (hardiness zones are not recorded for all Grow Native! Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. When the witch-hazel loses its leaves in fall, it then grows magnificent flowers with lemon-yellow colors at the beginning of January.. Witch-hazels or witch hazels (Hamamelis) are a genus of flowering plants in the family Hamamelidaceae, with three species in North America (H. ovalis, H. virginiana, and H. vernalis), and one each in Japan (H. japonica) and China (H. mollis). The leaves are alternately arranged, oval, 2–6 in (5.1–15.2 cm) long and 1–4 in (2.5–10.2 cm) broad, with a smooth or wavy margin. Other closely allied genera are Parrotiopsis, Fothergilla, and Sycopsis (see under Hamamelidaceae). This decoction was widely believed to have medicinal uses by Native Americans. Witch hazel or snapping hazel (H. virginiana), a fall flowering shrub, is native to Canada, growing in woods in Québec, NS, NB and Ontario. Witch Hazel. Planting Witch Hazel. Witch hazel is a large shrub or a small multi-stemmed tree that is native to North America, China and Japan. As an indigenous plant, common witch hazel rarely struggles with diseases or garden pests, making it a low maintenance choice in the garden. It is another recipient of the RHS Award of Garden Merit. Many people plant witch hazel in a location where …  Following his death, his two sons, Thomas N. Dickinson, Jr., of Mystic, Connecticut, and Everett E. Dickinson of Essex, each inherited parts of the family business and continued the manufacture of witch hazel extract, operating competing "Dickinson's" businesses that were continued by their descendants.  As a result, the ingestion of witch hazel water is inadvisable during pregnancy and lactation. Sign up for our newsletter. If this was not a concern, you could probably give most any of them a try. The witchhazel can be expected to grow in Hardiness Zones 3–8. Witch hazel. Lloyd, J. U. and J. T. Lloyd. Ethnobotanical Use of Plants, Part 4: The American Continent, Dickinson's 'Witch Hazel' Will No Longer Be Manufactured in Essex, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Witch-hazel&oldid=992042003, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2018, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2020, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from August 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Space witch hazel 8 to 30 feet apart depending on the variety. ... Tour the witch hazel beds and you'll see H. x intermedia with names like 'Glowing Embers', 'Ripe Corn', 'Strawberries and Cream', and 'Purple Ribbons'. Witch hazels are small trees/shrubs that grow 10 to 20 feet high and, sometimes, nearly as wide. Search all North American native Witch-Hazel Family species here. Learning how to grow witch hazel is easy since they require very little care. , Although not fatal, oral consumption of witch hazel water is potentially toxic resulting from the high content of tannins remaining in commercial products. Witch hazel does well in any type of garden soil, but it prefers well-drained, organically rich soil. The main constituents of witch-hazel extract include calcium oxalate, gallotannins, safrole, and chemicals found in the essential oil (carvacrol, eugenol). flowers, Menai Bridge, Wales, Hamamelis in Fürth City Park (Germany), 2004-02-08, Hamamelis in the Colonial Park Arboretum and Gardens, Hamamelis ×intermedia (H. japonica × H. mollis), Winter-flowering in the Vogelsberg Mountains, This article is about the plant genus. By Alan Titchmarsh. Season of Interest: Winter (Nov - Mar) Main Color: Yellow. Witch hazel can be planted in a mixed shrub border or used for height in the back of a perennial border. Which Witch Is Witch Hazel (and Which Dickinson Makes It)? How to Grow Witch Hazel Shrubs. Korting, H. C., et al. Hardy From Zone: Hardy To Zone: ? By BBC Gardeners' World Magazine. The Royal Horticultural Society is the UK’s leading gardening charity. Though it's important witch hazel doesn't get too wet, make sure it doesn't dry out during the heat of summer; otherwise it … Fall Color: Gold, Yellow. Discover witch hazel. Native shrubs are most often found in wooded areas along the east coast of North America, from Canada to Georgia. A witch hazel tree does well in full sun or partial shade and sometimes grows wild as an understory tree in areas with rich, moist soil such as bogs.  This decoction was widely believed to have medicinal uses by Native Americans. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! How To Grow Witch Hazel. Probably the best yellow witch hazel cultivar, ‘Pallida’ is a very traditional shrub in many cottage gardens.  Witch-hazel is mainly used externally on hemorrhoids, minor bleeding, and skin irritation.  It is commonly used to treat diaper rash in infants. Erdelmeier, C. A. J. et al. "Comparative Efficacy of Hamamelis Distillate and Hydrocortisone. Growth Rate This shrub grows at a medium rate, with height increases of 13–24" per year.  The main constituents of witch-hazel extract include calcium oxalate, gallotannins, safrole, and chemicals found in the essential oil (carvacrol, eugenol). The name witch in witch-hazel has its origins in Middle English wiche, from the Old English wice, meaning "pliant" or "bendable", and is not related to the word witch meaning a practitioner of magic. Give them a good shovel scoop of compost when you plant. Witch hazel extracts can be used alone for a variety of ailments, although they are also widely incorporated into many commercial beauty products.  Clinical studies supporting its effectiveness for these skin conditions are absent. 2005. , Extracts of witch-hazel may be used as a supposed remedy for psoriasis and eczema, in aftershave and ingrown nail applications, to prevent dehydration of skin, and for insect bites and poison ivy. The witch hazel bush (Hamamelis virginiana) is a small tree with fragrant yellow blooms that is a member of the Hamanelidacease family and closely related to the sweet gum. View Map. Genera and species included in the Witch-Hazel family, Hamamelidaceae, are: Hamamelis- Witchhazel Liquidambar- Sweetgum. Care for witch hazel requires minimal time apart from regular water the first season and pruning only to shape as desired. Witch hazel shrubs like moist soil but are adaptable. Witch hazel is widely known for easing inflammation and soothing sensitive skin, but this powerful remedy has more to offer. shrubs throughout the grounds. Planting and Spacing Witch Hazel. This fragrant winter bloomer is ideal planted near the front door so you can enjoy the pop of colour and the fragrance when you pass by. Witch hazel is easy to grow in a variety of conditions. Get involved. Antiviral and Antiphlogistic Activities of Hamamelis virginiana Bark. The plant-hunter Charles Maries collected for Veitch Nurseries in the Chinese district of Jiujiang in 1879. We aim to enrich everyone’s life through plants, and make the UK a greener and more beautiful place. Witch Hazel is a neighborhood of the city of Hillsboro in Washington County, Oregon, United States.Formerly an unincorporated community, and considered a separate populated place by the United States Geological Survey, it is on the Tualatin Valley Highway and the Southern Pacific railroad line a mile (1.6 km) west of Reedville. The leaves and bark of the North American witch-hazel, Hamamelis virginiana, may be used to produce an astringent decoction as a cooling agent for various uses in folk medicine, herbalism, and skincare products. Around the base, you can plant companion plants such as … Witch hazels perform best in full sun (or filtered shade in hotter regions), where the flowers glow like fiery embers in the backlight of the low winter sun. Native forms are hardier, while most hybrid cultivars grow in USDA Zones 5-8. Grow witch hazel in humus-rich, well-drained, acidic soil. , The Persian ironwood, a closely related tree formerly treated as Hamamelis persica, is now given a genus of its own, as Parrotia persica, as it differs in the flowers not having petals. We think the best floral colors come from the hybrid Hamamelis x intermedia, while Chinese witch hazel (H. mollis) offers up the best scent. Their shape is definitely not that of the classic street trees. It has fragrant sulphur-yellow flowers and rich yellow and orange autumn foliage colours. , In the United States, witch hazel water can be used as an ingredient for topical applications, but individual products are not approved as drugs. Discover witch hazel. , A missionary, Dr. Charles Hawes, learned of the preparation's therapeutic properties, and then determined through extensive study that the product of distillation (likely steam distillation) of the plant's twigs was even more efficacious. Botanical name: Hamamelis. The species name virginiana refers to being from Virginia. Plant Type: Shrubs.  "Hawes Extract" was first produced and sold in Essex, Connecticut, in 1846, by druggist and chemist Alvan Whittemore. Nowadays, it is rarely seen in the nursery trade except for woodland/wildlife restoration projects and native plant enthusiasts. How to grow witch hazel. Tuesday, 26 February, 2019 at 10:42 am . Common witch hazel is native to North America, with its home territory stretching from Canada south to Georgia in a swath from Arkansas to Nebraska with the Appalachian Mountains as its focal point. Click to enlarge. Witch hazel (Hamamelis virginiana) was long known by the American Indians to have amazing properties for healing swellings and bruises. How to grow witch hazel. They are popular ornamental plants, grown for their clusters of rich yellow to orange-red flowers which begin to expand in the autumn as or slightly before the leaves fall, and continue throughout the winter. 347.52 Labeling of astringent drug products; (3) For products containing witch hazel". How to Water and Feed Witch Hazel . Witch hazel shrubs are excellent as a border, mixed hedge or even a specimen plant, if given enough room to spread. Just soak a cotton pad in witch hazel and apply to the bite or burn; Generations of new moms have used gauze pads soaked in witch-hazel to ease the pain of episiotomy or perineal tears … The witch hazel tree grows wild in small forests and is often found growing beside streams and other waterways. Witch hazel need ample moisture; keep the soil evenly moist. , Hamamelis mexicana is sometimes considered a species, though as of 2020[update] Kew's Plants of the World Online considers it a variety of H. , Witch-hazel is typically sold in pharmacies as witch-hazel water and as semisolid ointments, creams, gels, and salves. From this family, the Garden exhibits not only species types but also hybrids; in total there are hundreds of winter-flowering witch hazel (Hamamelis spp.) The most commonly used variety is There are four species in North America. Witch hazel shrubs can reach 30 feet high and 15 feet wide at maturity and are often referred to as a tree due to this. This attractive bush thrives in USDA planting zones 3-9. There are also varieties native to Japan and China.  H. virginiana blooms in September–November while the other species bloom from January–March. Many people plant witch hazel in a location where they can enjoy not only its beauty but also its sweet aroma. Choose a sunny or partially shady location that is sheltered from wind to plant your witch hazel. Alan Titchmarsh shares his top gardening tips for growing witch-hazel LEARN how to easily grow this useful plant. Here are the top 8 benefits and uses of witch hazel. The genus name, Hamamelis, means "together with fruit", referring to the simultaneous occurrence of flowers with the maturing fruit from the previous year. Quick facts. There are four species in North America. Hamamelis virginiana. Reasonably care-free, witch hazel will grow into an attractive form with minimal pruning. Much more common is H. mollis, which has bright yellow flowers that bloom in late winter instead of the yellow blossoms of H. virginiana which tend to be lost among the plant's fall foliage. It grows to 3.5m in height. Although witch hazel has many common names, the generic name means “together with fruit,” which refers to the fact that this special tree is the only tree in North America to have flowers, ripe fruit and next year’s leaf buds on its branches at the same time. Not quite a tree but more than a shrub, witch hazel has speckled gray bark, a slim trunk typically just a few inches in diameter, and a bushy top that ends well shy of 20 feet. Hamamelis vernalis (Ozark witch hazel) is a 6- to 10-foot shrub hardy in zones 4 to 8. For other uses, see, "The Mysterious Past and Present of Witch Hazel", "Postpartum care: What to expect after a vaginal delivery", "Code of Federal Regulations; Title 21, Sec. Witch-hazel flowers are remarkable thanks to their uniqueness and especially because they appear right in the middle of winter.. , Hamamelis sp. Or select here to go a specific tree's page. The genus name Hamamelis is Latin from the Greek meaning a kind of medlar or service tree. It shares its range with the more widespread H. virginiana, and some natural hybridization can occur between the … Many people produced witch hazel extract by boiling the stems of the shrub and producing a decoction, which was used to treat swellings, inflammations, and tumors. Witch hazel soothes the pain and itch of bites, stings, sunburns, bruises and abrasions. American witchhazel is a member of the Witch-hazel family. Witch-hazels are not closely related to the true Corylus hazels, though they have a few superficially similar characteristics which may cause one to believe that they are. Witch hazel is a deciduous shrub or small tree. Native Environment: Forest. Some homeowners, who have a lot of deer, put netting around the base of young shrubs to keep the deer from munching. Hamamelis will grow well on alkaline soil as long as it is fertile and fairly deep. Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec; Plant; Plant: J Do Plant in January F Do Plant in February M Do … I doubt that any of the witch hazels would make a street good tree as they all tend to grow limbs out at too low of a level. Hardiness Zones. Even though they are considered an understory plant, they will thrive in part shade to full sun.  There is high-quality clinical evidence, as well as use in folk medicine, suggesting witch-hazel can ease discomfort involving vaginal soreness and hemorrhoids while they heal after childbirth. [clarification needed].  As an ingredient and as topical agent, witch-hazel water is regulated in the United States as an over-the-counter drug for external use only to soothe minor skin irritations. Witch hazel shrubs can reach 30 feet high and 15 feet wide at maturity and are often referred to as a tree due to this. Hamamelis virginiana was introduced into English gardens by Peter Collinson, who maintained correspondence with plant hunters in the American colonies. I think a better choice may be another member of the witch hazel family, Persian Parrotia. virginiana. It is rarely bothered by pests or diseases. Growing witch hazel shrubs is a favorite amongst gardeners looking for winter color and fragrance. Witch hazel bush, Hamamelis intermedia When to Plant Witch Hazel.  Early Puritan settlers in New England adopted this remedy from the natives, and its use became widely established in the United States. 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